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Bioidentical hormones are hormones that are chemically the same as those that the body produces.

Although they are made in a laboratory, bioidentical hormones mimic the hormones the human body produces naturally.

As a result, the body should not be able to tell the difference between the hormones it produces and the bioidentical ones.

Bioidentical hormones can be made from a variety of sources that span plant and animal products.

Bioidentical hormones include the following:

  • 17 beta-estradiols, which include drugs, such as Estrace, Estradil, and Estring
  • estradiol acetate, including Femring
  • estradiol hemihydrate, including Vagifem
  • micronized progesterone USP, such as Prometrium and Prochieve

Some big pharmaceutical companies manufacture certain bioidentical hormones, which are regulated by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

However, special kinds of pharmacies, which are known as compounding pharmacies, mix their own formulas of bioidentical hormones. Hormones made by these compounding pharmacies are not regulated by the FDA.

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